In Texas, we tend to see two primary types of grass. It is important to keep in mind that turf species come in many varieties within each group. Let’s review the two major categories.
As temperatures drop, Bermuda grass will go dormant, but will quickly emerge as temperatures rise. Bermuda grass does not tolerate shade well. You may have challenges with Bermuda if you have a lot of trees on your property.
- Adapted to tropical and subtropical climates, it is a warm-season perennial.
- It prefers hot, humid conditions with over 16 inches of rainfall per year, mild winters, and prolonged periods of high temperatures.
- This grass consists of rhizomes and stolons and usually has a dark green color.
- Due to its extensive root system, this grass can grow in extreme climate conditions.
- Insects and diseases are well tolerated by it.
St. Augustine grass
The St. Augustine grass grows well in the shade. When well-maintained, it looks and feels just like carpet (and has even been referred to as “carpet grass” by homeowners).
- In South Carolina, St. Augustine grass is also known as Charleston grass.
- This is one of the most popular choices for lawns in the southern United States. Particularly in coastal regions where oceanic conditions moderate the cold temperature extremes.
- A shade tolerant grass for Texas, this grass grows well in full sun or partial shade.